David Womersley (Ny: Penguin, 1995), 3: 191
46. Lewis and you can Holt, Historians of your own Middle east, thirteen. 47. Winner, Pillars regarding Priesthood Shaken, 106–111. forty-eight. Ibid., 114–116. Never assume all works on Islam nowadays was basically negative. Adrian Reland, professor of China Tongues at College out-of Utrecht, lead a work Of one’s Mohametan Theology (1712) you to definitely Champ titled ‘‘a work off profound and unprejudiced scholarship” (116). A. Bobovius’s An effective Treatise Concerning the Turkish Liturgy was a similarly well-balanced really works. 44. Reeves, Muhammad inside Europe, 165. 50. Quoted in the P. Williams’s Faith, 1972), 17–18, twenty-eight. 51. Ibid., twenty eight. 52. Matar, Islam in the united kingdom, 104. 53. 54. Gibbon’s viewpoints with the Islam try discussed from inside the Womersley, Gibbon in addition to ‘‘Watchmen of your Holy Area,” 147–174. 55. Edward Gibbon, The history of Decline and you can Fall of the Roman Empire, ed. 56. Bernard Lewis, ‘‘Gibbon toward Muhammad,” into the Edward Gibbon while the Refuse and you will Fall of your own Roman Empire, ed. G. W. Bowersock, John Clive, and Stephen Roentgen. Graubard (Cambridge, Size.: Harvard University Force, 1977). 57. Quoted in Byron Porter Smith, Islam in the English Literary works, 113. 58. Cited ibid., 109–110. 59. Southern area, Western Views away from Islam around Age, 13. 60. Quoted when you look at the Bulliet, Case to possess Islamo-Religious Society, 7. 61. Joseph White, Sermons Preached through to the University off Oxford in 1784 at Lecture Created of the Rev. John Bampton, 4th ed. (London: G.G.J. and you can J. Robinson, 1792), 524–525. 62. Jane Shaw, ‘‘Sex and also the ‘Nature’ out-of Religion: Female Mary Wortley Montagu’s Embassy Letters as well as their Place in Enlightenment Beliefs of Religion,” Bulletin of John Rylands Library 80.step three (Autumn 1998): 145. 63. Quoted in Byron Porter Smith, Islam when you look at the English Books, 59. 64. Cited ibid., sixty. 65. Cited within the Embassy so you’re able to Constantinople: New Traveling Letters from Women Mary Wortley Montagu, ed. and you may compensation. Christopher Select (London: Millennium, 1988), 99–a hundred. 66. An effective Turks Lead Societal House can be obtained inside the main London, which have one or two created minds and you will a decorated tavern sign above the door, during the 10 Motcomb Path, Belgravia. Turks Lead taverns still exist in many big metropolitan areas on the British. 67. Matar, Islam in the united kingdom, 115–116. 68. Quoted ibid., 110. 69. Ibid., 117. 70. Ibid., 113. 71. Daniel J. Vitkus, ed., Piracy, Slavery, and you will Redemption (New york: Columbia College or university Press, 2001), 6–9, 13–16.
Yards. Holt, Seventeenth-Millennium Defender from Islam, Henry Stubbe (1632–76) and his Publication (London: Dr
72. Robert C. Davis, ‘‘Relying European Submissives with the Barbary Coast,” 97. 73. Ibid., 87–124. 74. Ibid., 124. 75. Vitkus, Turning Turk, 82; Daniel J. Vitkus, ed., Three Turk Performs of Early Progressive England: Selimus, An excellent Christian Became Turk, The newest Renegado (New york: Columbia College Push, 2000), cuatro. 76. Osman Benche?rif, The image out-of Algeria inside the Anglo-Western Writings, 1785–1962 (Lanham, Md.: University Press from The united states, 1997), 23. Inside the 1884 british consul standard inside the Algiers, Sir Lambert Playfair, blogged a text on his event, contacting the brand new Algerian pirates The Scourge out-of Christendom. 77. Cited in the Byron Porter Smith, Islam during the English Literary works, 62–63. 78. The entire lugubrious rite try found in Vitkus, Piracy, Thraldom, and you may Redemption, 361–366. 79. Ibid., 365–366. 80. Benche?rif, Picture of Algeria when you look at the Anglo–American Blog site, 37. Fre?de?ric Delame?a great, ‘‘The new Commendable Demise: Pangs out of Vivaldian Opera,” within the Antonio Vivaldi, Bajazet (London: EMI Records/Virgin Classics, 2005), 11–14 in the accompanying text message. 81. Matar, Islam in the uk, 52–53. 82. Cited ibid., 55. 83. Vitkus, Around three Turk Performs, 23–twenty eight, 151–239. 84. Quoted when you look at the Matar, Islam in the uk, 52. 85. Come across ‘‘Othello Converts Turk” in the Vitkus, Flipping Turk, 77–106. 86. John W. Draper, Orientalia and Shakespeareana (Nyc: Vantage, 1978), 129–139, 146–157. 87. Schacht and Bosworth, Legacy away from Islam, 36–37. 88. Robert Irwin, Arabian Evening: A partner (London: Allen Way, 1994), 241. 89. Robert L. Mack, ed., Arabian Nights’ Entertainments (Oxford: Oxford School Force, 1998), ix–xx. Find along with Peter L. Caracciolo, ed., The latest Arabian Evening inside English Literature: Education on the Reception of your own Thousand and another Night on United kingdom People (New york: St. ethiopianpersonals ent around the world, 253–265. 91. Quoted during the John Rodenbeck, ‘‘Cervantes and Islam: Thinking toward Islam and you can Islamic People into the Wear Quixote,” Cairo Paperwork when you look at the Societal Research 19.dos (Sep 1996): 65. 92. Kontje, German Orientalisms, 109. 93. Ibid., 72–73. 94. Cited inside Stephen Houlgate, ed., The new Hegel Audience (Malden, Mass.: Blackwell, 1998), 401. 95. Hentsch, Picturing the center East, 144. 96. Gotthold E. Lessing, Nathan the newest Wise, trans. Bayard Quincy Morgan (Nyc: Frederick Ungar, 1955), vi, 75–82. 97. Kontje, Italian language Orientalisms, 118–132. 98. One of the few recordings out of ‘‘Mahomet’s Song” are Hyperion CDJ 33024 away from Hyperion’s Schubert Edition, vol. twenty-four.